CBS Reports: The Homosexuals (59:00)
In a survey conducted for this special in 1967, a majority of Americans considered homosexuality more harmful to society than adultery, abortion, or prostitution. In this program, CBS News correspondent Mike Wallace presents the dilemma of gay men at that time: regarded as sick by the medical profession, criminals to the law, shunned by employers, and rejected by heterosexual society. In addition to conducting extended interviews with several gay men, Wallace sounds out the opinions of the police, the courts, and the church. For a cultural perspective, the comments of social critic and Columbia professor Albert Goldman are intercut with those of writer Gore Vidal to provide a portrait of a society reassessing its values. Produced by CBS NEWS. (59 minutes, b&w)
Discovering Sexual Identity (04:06)
An interview from 1967 documents a young man's story of discovering he was homosexual, his process of accepting his sexuality, and his feelings about being homosexual.
Attitudes Toward Homosexuality (03:21)
In footage from 1967, Mike Wallace summarizes societal attitudes about homosexuality. During a therapy session a homosexual man describes his parents' attitudes toward his sexuality.
Acceptance and Discrimination (03:02)
During a 1967 interview a young man who is homosexual credits his family for accepting him and tells stories of discrimination and violence other homosexual men have experienced.
Deviant Sexual Behavior (07:05)
During a 1967 interview a gay man, whose overt sexual behavior landed him in jail several times, describes his own behavior as deviant but asserts that it is not typical of most homosexual men.
Homosexual Stereotypes (03:08)
A 1967 documentary described the stereotypical lifestyle that American society associated with homosexuality at that time. A doctor proclaimed homosexuality to be a mental disorder.
Homosexuality as a Mental Illness (04:03)
In 1967 psychiatry students were taught that homosexuality was a mental illness that forms during the first three years of life as a result of early childhood experiences.
Theory About Homosexuality (02:52)
In 1967 a doctor proclaimed homosexuality was a disorder caused by overprotective mothers who developed overly intimate relationships with their sons.
Homosexuality and the Law (06:49)
1967 laws restricting homosexual activity are commented on by a homosexual arrested for a public sexual act, a homosexual advocacy group, the Los Angeles chief of police, and a judge.
Homosexuality and Religious Attitudes (02:30)
In 1967 religious leaders considered homosexuality a sin, but some began to accept homosexual individuals as people who should be treated with respect and compassion.
Boise Homosexuality Scandal (04:46)
In 1955 reports of homosexual activity in Boise, Idaho led to fear, prejudice, discrimination, interrogations, and prison sentences and the social functioning of the entire town was disrupted.
Homosexuality and Civil Rights (02:36)
1967 federal government hiring policies openly excluded hiring of homosexuals. Common public attitude was that homosexuality should not be tolerated but rather be "cured."
Homosexuality and the Arts (08:21)
The aspect of 1967 American society where homosexuals faced the least discrimination was the arts. Professor Albert Goldman and author Gore Vidal debate homosexuality in American society.
Dilemmas of Being Homosexual (03:30)
A homosexual man describes his decision to marry a woman and have children. He is faced with the same confusion, dilemmas, and discrimination that most homosexuals faced in 1967 American society.