India: From Moghuls to Independence

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India: From Moghuls to Independence
This playlist was created by on Thursday, January 07, 2010.

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India: From Moghuls to Independence (42:00)

This program covers the history of India from the time of Genghis Khan’s first extension of his domain beyond China. It explains the roles of Tamerlane and his descendant Babur and shows the crucial Battle of Panipat between Babur and the forces of Ibrahim Lodi, the Afghan Sultan of Delhi. There would be many more battles (including a second battle of Panipat) before the Afghans were beaten, but Babur had established Mongol hegemony over a vast territory. The program traces the subsequent history of India: the exploits of his son Humayun and his grandson, Akbar; the arrival of Europeans; the flowering of Moghul culture epitomized by the Taj Mahal, and the decline; its submission to the British Empire and its reawakening at independence. (42 minutes)

India in the 19th Century (01:22)
India in the 19th century is described as a mosaic of cultures.

Mongols: Golden Horde of Ghengis Khan (01:12)
Mongols refer to the empire begun by Ghengis Khan.

Tamerlane (01:15)
Tamerlane was 14th-century conqueror of much of western and central Asia, and or Pirnazar founder of the Timurid Empire and Timurid dynasty (1370–1405) in Central Asia, which survived until 1857 as the Moghul Empire of India.

Babur (01:10)
Babur was a Muslim conqueror from Central Asia who, following a series of setbacks, finally succeeded in laying the basis for the Moghul dynasty of India.

Lords and Princes (02:12)
In 16th century India, lords and princes lead lives of opulence. The Sultan of Delhi marches to meet Barbur who is invading India.

Mughal Warrior (01:30)
The accoutrements on the Mughal warrior are explained.

Military Tactics of Barbur (01:12)
Barbur was known for his military prowess. His strategy for victory is examined.

Battle of Panipat (02:09)
Military accoutrement and elephants are discussed. Highlights of the crucial Battle of Panipat between Babur and the forces of Ibrahim Lodi, the Afghan Sultan of Delhi

Humayun (02:16)
Humayun was the second Mughal Emperor who ruled modern Afghanistan, Pakistan, and parts of northern India from 1530–1540

Rajputs (01:48)
The Rajputs (from the Sanskrit tatpurusha compound rajaputra, "son of a king") are a martial race and the ruling class of northern India.

Akbar: Age of the Great Moghuls (02:44)
Akbar's reign significantly influenced art and culture in the region. Akbar took a great interest in painting, and had the walls of his palaces adorned with murals.

Buildings of Akbar (01:57)
Akbur was greatly responsible for the flowering of Moghul culture, especially architecture.

Hinduism and Islam (01:10)
In the 16th century, eighty percent of the population of India was Hindu, a native religion 3,000 years old. Islam was an imported monotheistic religion.

Arrival of Portuguese (01:45)
Portuguese take possession of ports from Muslim rulers. Portuguese bring the violent Inquisition.

Akbar Dies (01:04)
Akbar dies and leaves a legacy of art and culture.

Jahangir (02:49)
Akbar's son Jahangir becomes ruler. He is an opium addict and has the eyes put out of all who question him. Still, he wants to be viewed as a just king. A relationship between Jahangir and Europe develops.

Origin of the Taj Mahal (05:12)
In 1631, Shah Jahan, emperor during the Mughal empire's period of greatest prosperity, was grief stricken when his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal, died during the birth of their fourteenth child, Gauhara Begum.

Taj Majal (01:49)
The Taj Mahal is considered the finest example of Moghul architecture, a style that combines elements from Persian, Indian, and Islamic architectural styles.

Nader Shah (04:24)
Nader Shah was the founder of the Afsharid Dynasty of Persia, lasting from 1736 to 1747.